Nepal is a land of extreme contrasts in climate and geography, It has unique topography that ranges from the Lowlands with sub-tropical jungles to Arctic conditions in the Himalayan highlands. Within a mere 150 kilometers the land rises from near sea level in the South to over 8,000 meters in the North. As a result, Nepal has been endowed with a diversity of life zones providing a home for a large variety of plants, birds and animals.
This is the richest habitat in the land with tall grasslands interspersed with riverine and hardwood Sal forest. Here one can see wildlife such as the swamp deer, musk deer, black buck, blue bull, the Royal Bengal Tiger, Gharial and mugger crocodiles, and the wild buffalo. This area is also rich in birdlife with a variety of Babbles and Orioles, Koels and Drongos, Peacocks and Frolics, and a multitude of winter wildfowl.
The gorgeous multi-coloured Lmpeyan Pheasant (Nepal's national bird) is also found here with other endangered birds like the koklas and Cheer Pheasants. Protected areas in this zone include Khapted National Park in the Far-West, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, northwest of Pokhara and the Shivapuri Wildlife Sanctuary near Kathmandu.
Chitwan National Park
A visit to Chitwan provides the rare opportunity to fully experience the contrasts of Nepal. It offers an insight into a very different natural and cultural setting compared to the more familiar visions of the Country. Chitwan fits well into a tour with a varied itinerary and can be easily combined with rafting and treks in the Annapurna region
Bardia National Park
The Royal Bardia National Park was initially a Royal hunting reserve. It was in 1976 that it was gazetted as Royal Karnali Wildlife Reserve with an area of only 368 sq. km in 1982, It was renamed as the Royal Bardia Wildlife Reserve, and also included the Babai River Valley. Only in 1988 was it granted the status of a National Park, in order to preserve the dwindling species of rare ecosystem, including flora and fauna, particularly the Tiger and its other prey species.